Julia nailed last week's question, identifying Eddie Arcaro (with Whirlaway and CItation in the American Triple Crown) and Don Seymour (with With Approval and Izvestia in the Canadian Triple Crown) as the two North American jockeys to have won two Triple Crowns. This week's question is a little late, but better late than never. 13 horses have won the Kentucky Derby as the first start of their 3-year-old seasons. Who was the last horse to do so?
Great stallions can make remarkable contributions to the breeding pool because of the number of foals a single horse can sire, but the long-range success of any breeding program is built on the strength of its broodmare band. A great foundation mare is a treasure beyond price for the farm fortunate enough to land one, for with good management, her daughters, granddaughters, and great-granddaughters will continue producing a golden stream of winners long after she herself is gone.
Such a mare is Golden Trail, who was acquired from owner-breeder Brookmeade Farm by John Galbreath when she was a 4-year-old. The daughter of Hasty Road produced three stakes winners during her own producing career, but her great gift to Galbreath's Darby Dan Farm was the slew of producing daughters she left behind her. The crosses of this family to the Darby Dan sires Graustark, His Majesty, and Roberto led to many of Darby Dan's standouts of the 1980s and 1990s, including champion Sunshine Forever and grade 1 winner and important Japanese sire Brian's Time.
The best of Golden Trail's daughters on the track was Java Moon (by Graustark), who won the 1973 Comely Stakes (USA-III). In the paddocks, Java Moon was eclipsed during her own producing days by her full sisters Outward Sunshine, Kelley's Day, and Autumn Glory, all producers of graded or Group stakes winners. Java Moon failed to produce a stakes winner among her seven foals, but her four daughters made up for that, producing nine stakes winners between them. The best of the four was All My Memories (by Little Current), whose three stakes winners included multiple Grade I winner Memories of Silver (by Roberto's good son Silver Hawk) and Grade II winner Memories (by Hail the Pirates, by Roberto's sire Hail to Reason).
As a top-flight race mare from a great female family, Memories of Silver received the best of opportunities as a broodmare and cashed in on them with four stakes winners from nine named foals. The best of them was Winter Memories (by El Prado), whose seven graded wins included the 2011 Garden City Stakes (USA-IT) and 2012 Diana Stakes (USA-IT). Winter Memories has since produced two named foals, including the 2016 Tapit filly Winter Sunset, winner of a much-anticipated debut at the Fair Grounds on November 29, 2018.
La Cloche, a Ghostzapper half sister to Winter Memories, was slower to mature and not quite so talented, waiting until she was 5 to take the 2012 Athenia Stakes (USA-IIIT). If early results are any indication, however, she may be no less valuable a producer than Winter Memories. Her first two named foals are both winners, and her firstborn, the 5-year-old Tapit mare Bellavais, earned her first graded stakes brackets on January 12, 2019, when she won the Marshua's River Stakes (USA-IIIT) at Gulfstream Park.
Aside from her descent from one of the great foundation mares of the 20th century, Bellavais has an interesting hook in her pedigree thanks to the full sister and brother Moon Glitter and Relaunch, who appear 4x4 as the third dam of her sire Tapit and the broodmare sire of her maternal grandsire Ghostzapper, respectively. This pairing of full siblings at the fourth generation was a pedigree pattern often seen in matings planned by Olin Gentry, who was farm manager for Colonel Edward Riley Bradley's Idle Hour Stock Farm and for Darby Dan Farm and had a great impact on the success of both.
As things now stand, Bellavais will not get the chance to add to the record of Darby Dan farm as a producer. Although she raced as a homebred fpr the Phillips Racing Partnership at ages 2 and 3, winning two stakes as a sophomore, she was sold to Dr. Gerald Bortolazzo's Bortolazzo Stable (represented by agent Steven Young) for $485,000 at the 2018 Keeneland January mixed sale. Should Bortolazzo choose to get into the breeding game with her, he has what every horseman dreams of: a mare with a fine race record and the genetic potential to one day become a foundation mare in her own right and create a golden trail of her own.
Welcome back and happy new year! For this week's challenge, can you name both the North American jockeys to have twice won Triple Crowns and also give the names of their champion mounts?
If Accelerate loses out in 2018 American Horse of the Year voting to Justify, it will not be the first time a top-rate older male succumbs to the prestige of the Triple Crown. This week's mystery horse won six Grade I races in a single year, yet lost out in year-end voting to a Triple Crown winner he defeated on the track. Further, he didn't even win the championship in the older male division, much to his trainer's outrage. Who was he?
This distinguished sire was not only a member of the elite "Century Club" of sires with at least 100 stakes winners to their credit but was the first to sire as many as seven sons who achieved the same distinction. Name him.
Plenty of champion horses have had races and streets named for them, but this champion was perhaps unique in having a record album and its title track both named for him. Who was he?
Defying the conventional wisdom that "they never come back again," this juvenile champion recovered from what initially appeared to be a career-ending injury to return to racing---twice. In his first comeback, he did the near-impossible by returning to championship form. In his second, he raced respectably, but when he broke down a third time, there would be no comeback; he was euthanized a few days later when it became apparent that his case was hopeless. Nonetheless, his record for resilience in the face of adversity was truly remarkable. Name him.
The four 20th century American colts to win four Derbies are Claude, Black Gold, Smarten and Olympio. Following up on that question, can anyone name a 21st century colt with four Derbies to his credit?
Four American 3-year-old colts won four Derbies each during the 20th century. Can you name all four?
Looks like last week's question was tougher than I thought. For the record, Major Treat was Man o' War's stable pony, Snowball was Cigar's, Steamboat was Seattle Slew's, Lava Man was I'll Have Another's, and Mouse was the stable pony of Monarchos.
This week's question concerns a European-born stallion whose dirty secret was revealed by a punch in the gut. While his undesirable trait made him a tough sell in Europe, it did him no harm with American breeders, and he proved a notable success after his importation. Who was he, and what was his secret flaw?
I'm Avalyn Hunter, an author, pedigree researcher and longtime racing fan.